Total birds

116100 Birds crossed New York County this night (est.)

Starting: Mon, Sep 11, 2023, 7:10 PM EDT

Ending: Tue, Sep 12, 2023, 6:30 AM EDT

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Peak migration traffic

6,200 Birds in flight (est.)
Direction: SSW
Speed: 20 mph
Altitude: 1,500 ft
Recorded: Tue, Sep 12, 2023, 12:00 AM EDT

Here's what happened across this night...

Birds in flight

Birds usually begin to migrate 30 to 45 minutes after sunset, with the greatest number in flight two to three hours later.

Flight direction and speed

Birds tend to migrate southward in autumn, but seasonal timing, weather, and geography alter their flight directions and speeds.


Migrating birds regularly fly up to 10,000 feet above ground, although seasonal timing and weather conditions dramatically impact their distributions.

Note: Direction, speed, and altitude may be unreliable when the number of birds in flight is low. In such cases, chart data may include gaps.

And across this season...

Birds in flight (nightly avg.)

During fall migration, most birds pass through the contiguous U.S. from early September through October.

Total birds crossed

This is the estimated total number of birds that have fully crossed this region. The curve rises quickly during peak migration and levels off at the end of the season.

Expected nocturnal migrants

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Nocturnally migrating species most likely to arrive or depart this region at this time of year, based on frequency of observations


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Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Colorado State University
UMass Amherst